USDA Releases 2022 Census of Agriculture Data


The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Agricultural Statistics Service this week announced the results of the 2022 Census of Agriculture, highlighting more than six million data points about America’s farms, ranches and the people who operate them. 

Ag census data provides valuable insights into demographics, economics, land use and activities on U.S. farms and ranches. Some highlights include: 

  • There were 1.9 million farms and ranches (down 7% from 2017) with an average size of 463 acres (up 5%) on 880 million acres of farmland (down 2%). That is 39% of all U.S. land.
  • Family-owned and operated farms accounted for 95% of all U.S. farms and operated 84% of land in farms.
  • U.S. farms and ranches produced $543 billion in agricultural products, up from $389 billion in 2017. With farm production expenses of $424 billion, U.S. farms had net cash income of $152 billion. Average farm income rose to $79,790. A total of 43% of farms had positive net cash farm income in 2022.
  • Farms with internet access continued to rise from 75% in 2017 to 79% in 2022.
  • A total of 153,101 farms and ranches used renewable energy-producing systems compared to 133,176 farms in 2017, a 15% increase. Most farms (76%) with renewable energy systems reported using solar panels.
  • The number of producers under age 35 was 296,480, comprising 9% of all producers. The 221,233 farms with young producers making decisions tend to be larger than average in both acres and sales.
  • In 2022, 1.2 million female producers accounted for 36% of all producers. 58% of all farms had at least one female decision maker.

The full report and other information can be found here. Ag census data can also be found in NASS’s searchable online database, Quick Stats.

USDA reports the response rate for the census was 61%; more than 40% of responses were submitted online. 

Why it matters: The Census of Agriculture is issued once every five years and remains the most comprehensive agricultural data for every state and county in the nation. ASA uses this data regularly in advocacy work and encourages all growers to participate. Legislators use these numbers when shaping farm policies and programs.